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  • Writer's pictureHrituraj Singh

Publication: PRISM: Patient Records Interpretation for Semantic Clinical Trial Matching using LLMs

Quick Summary

We announce PRISM, our LLM-based pipeline, and our custom fine-tuned model OncoLLM, which identifies relevant clinical trials for cancer patients with >95% accuracy, matching the performance of trained physicians. Our performance also surpasses or matches other models', all while being 35x cheaper and locally deployable.



Clinical trial matching is the task of identifying trials for which patients may be potentially eligible. Typically, this task is labor-intensive and requires detailed verification of patient electronic health records (EHRs) against the stringent inclusion and exclusion criteria of clinical trials. This process is manual, timeintensive, and challenging to scale up, resulting in many patients missing out on potential therapeutic options. Recent advancements in Large Language Models (LLMs) have made automating patient-trial matching possible, as shown in multiple concurrent research studies. However, the current approaches are confined to constrained, often synthetic datasets that do not adequately mirror the complexities encountered in real-world medical data. In this study, we present the first, end-to-end large-scale empirical evaluation of clinical trial matching using realworld EHRs. Our study showcases the capability of LLMs to accurately match patients with appropriate clinical trials. We perform experiments with proprietary LLMs, including GPT-4 and GPT-3.5, as well as our custom fine-tuned model called OncoLLM and show that OncoLLM, despite its significantly smaller size, not only outperforms GPT-3.5 but also matches the performance of qualified medical doctors. All experiments were carried out on real-world EHRs that include clinical notes and available clinical trials from a single cancer center in the United States.


Image by National Cancer Institute

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